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bren light machine gun

Omissions? Most machine guns are belt-fed weapons that fire from 500 to 1,000 rounds per minute and will continue to fire as long as the trigger is held back or until the supply of ammunition is exhausted. ), Indian troops man a Bren gun on an anti-aircraft tripod, Western Desert, April 1941, The Bren was also employed in the anti-aircraft role. "It [the L4A4 Bren] is normally fired from the shoulder in the lying position, supported by the bipod, although it may be fired from other positions to engage targets at close range". 26 was originally designed (in Zbrojovka Brno Factory), and Enfield, site of the British Royal Small Arms Factory. The woodwork on the Mk2 was simplified by being less ornate and ergonomic, which sped up the manufacturing process. Propellant gases vented from a port towards the muzzle end of the barrel through a regulator (visible in the photo, just in front of the bipod) with four quick-adjustment apertures of different sizes, intended to tailor the gas volume to different ambient temperatures (smallest flow at high temperature, e.g. [3] The 66-man "Assault Troop" of British Commandos had a nominal establishment of four Bren guns. It was also used by Canadian, Australian and New Zealand troops. The Taden gun was a development of the Bren to use with the .280 British intermediate round proposed to replace the .303 in British service. 27 rather than the ZB vz. Its name originated as an acronym from Brno, where the Czech gun was made, and Enfield, where the British adaptation was made. [4], For a light machine gun of the interwar and early World War II era, the Bren was about average in weight. By employing different projectiles and successively improved chemical propellants, the dual goal of most arms designers has…. The Mk2 also featured a slightly higher rate of fire than the Mk1. Corrections? The Bren is a light machine gun (LMG) that was used by the British military during World War II. However, it could not be used as a co-axial weapon on tanks, as the magazine restricted its depression and was awkward to handle in confined spaces, and it was therefore used on a pintle mount only. The BREN Light Machine Gun was the standard light machine gun of the British Army and Commonwealth forces throughout World War 2 and beyond. To change barrels, the release catch in front of the magazine was rotated to unlock the barrel. As with the Mk3 but this was a conversion of a Mk2. The Bren was a modified version of Czechoslovak-designed light machine guns, the ZB vz. The Vickers-Berthier was later adopted by the Indian Armyand also saw extensive service in World War II. 33, which became the Bren. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Bren L4A4 light machine gun in 7,62x51 NATO caliber. A twin barrel variant of the Bren was manufactured in China during the 1950s from ZB26 light machine guns. The weapon was popular with the soldiers who fired it (known as Brenners) as it was light and durable, and had a reputation for accuracy. A conversion of the Bren to 7.62mm NATO from 1958. It was even said that all problems with the Bren could simply be cleared by hitting the gun, turning the regulator, or doing both. It was the Long-Range weapon of the Gurkhas. The Bren, usually called the Bren Gun, was a series of light machine guns adopted by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1991. An infantry battalion also had a "carrier" platoon, equipped with Universal Carriers, most of which carried Bren guns. The fact that Bren guns remained in service for so many years with so many different countries in so many wars says much about the quality of the basic design. Its name originated as an acronym from Brno, where the Czech gun was made, and Enfield, where the British adaptation was made. Backbone of the British Infantry During World War II, the Bren gun became the backbone of the British infantry. The Mark III Bren remained in limited use with the Army Reserve of the Irish Defence Forces until 2006, when it was replaced by the 7.62 mm FN MAG (GPMG). In 1930, when the British Army set out to find a replacement for the Lewis Gun, and despite holding trials on several different weapons, the British military attaché in Prague sent in a report on a new weapon being built in Czechoslovakia by Brno; the Zb26. BREN Mk.1 Caliber Weight, kg 10,04 BREN Mk.3 7,7x57R (.303) 8,76 BREN Mk.4 8,69 BREN L4A4 7,62x51 NATO 8,68 (with bipod) Overall length, mm Barrel length, mm Cyclic rate of fire, rounds perminute Feed and capacity Later versions of the Bren addressed this issue by providing a wider cone of fire. [2] A further three Bren guns were issued to the Admin platoon of each rifle company[citation needed]. Based on the Czech ZB Vz.27, the Bren saw extensive use by the British Army during World War II, during which it earned a favorable reputation for its reliability and accuracy. Bren machine gun, British adaptation of a Czech light machine gun. Bren Light Machine Gun Information Restrictions Gun Emporium Popularity Unknown Ammo capacity 30/180 Statistics Damage 45 Portability 32 Rate of Fire 80 Accuracy 63 Recoil 68 Firing modes Automatic Modifications Bullets Iron Sight. Initial versions of the weapon were sometimes considered too accurate because the cone or pattern of fire was extremely concentrated. Many 7.92 mm ZB light machine guns were shipped to China, where they were employed first against the Japanese in World War II, and later against UN forces in Korea, including British and Commonwealth units. The top-mounted magazine vibrated and moved during fire, making the weapon more visible in combat, and many Bren gunners used paint or improvised canvas covers to disguise the prominent magazine.[6]. [9] It came with side by side barrels and was chambered in the 7.62x39mm round fed from AK47 magazines. By 1938, the Bren became the standard light machine gun of the British and their commonwealth allies. 32, and finally the ZB vz. Introduced 1941. When the gun did jam through fouling caused by prolonged firing, the operator could adjust the four-position gas regulator to feed more gas to the piston increasing the power to operate the mechanism. This would make a fabulous ‘semi’ build, or display gun. The major changes were in the magazine and barrel. The Bren was magazine-fed, which slowed its rate of fire and required more frequent reloading than British belt-fed machine guns such as the larger .303 Vickers machine gun. The Bren Light Machine Gun is a British light machine gun used during World War II. Acclaimed as one of the best light machine guns of World War II, the Bren appeared in four models that varied principally in barrel length and total weight. Bren LMG (Light Machine Gun) parts. (The belt fed Vickers or BESA, the latter being another Czechoslovak machine gun design adopted by the British, were instead used as co-axial weapons. winter Arctic). The gunner or "Number 1" carried and fired the Bren, and a loader or "Number 2" carried extra magazines, a spare barrel and tool kit. The magazine was curved in order to feed the rimmed .303 British cartridge, a change from the various rimless Mauser-design cartridges such as the 7.92 mm Mauser round previously used by Czech designs. Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB v… COVID-19 PANDEMIC: Due to the ongoing situation and the Government directed actions please expect short delays with the delivery of your orders. The Mark 4 model had an overall length of 42.9 inches (109 cm), with a 22.25-inch (56.5-cm) barrel. New Zealand : WW2 and L4 post war、Vietnam War, Yugoslavia: Yugoslav Chetniks during World War II; some remained in stockpiles until Balkan wars of '90s. A tall tripod was available to allow high angle fire. The name Bren was derived from Brno, the Czechoslovak city where the Zb vz. The Bren's direct ancestor, the Czechoslovak ZB vz. All L4s are chambered for 7.62×51mm NATO rimless ammunition. The Bren had a reduced rate of fire and heavy weight to aid controlability. Although reliable[citation needed] it was not accepted due to the US-driven standardization within NATO on the larger 7.62x51mm NATO round.[8]. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1944 Bren light machine gun.jpg 5,616 × 3,744; 13.81 MB 1st Polish Corps during a training exercise in Perth, Scotland.jpg 601 × 737; 230 KB 1st Special Service Brigade 4 April 1945.jpg 800 × 502; 104 KB The Bren machine gun was probably the most commonly used light machine gun in World War II. The Bren, usually called the Bren Gun, was a series of light machine guns adopted by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1991. During the early 1900s, the British Army subjected several designs of light machine gun to competitive trials. Its barrel could be changed quickly when it overheated in sustained-fire situations. Bren 30Rd .308 Combat Rhodesian Type Grass Pattern Magazine Vest As tensions in Europe became more and more important on the political scene, the British wanted to have a new machine-gun of modern support for its infantry from 1937 onwards. The Bren Mk2 was much simplified in the body, which although still being milled from a solid billet of steel, required significantly fewer milling operations than the Mk1 which gives it a much cleaner appearance. This was a conversion of the Mk1 whose main distinguishing feature was a shorter barrel. The bipod was simplified in design as well as not having extending legs. A 100-round pan magazine was available for the Bren for use in the anti-aircraft role.[7]. It was redesignated as the L4 Light Machine Gun (in various sub-versions) and remained in British Army service into the 1990s. [4] It was popular with British troops, who respected the Bren for its reliability and combat effectiveness. All parts are included with the kit including the 4 pieces of demil receiver and we include 1 – 30 rd. In the 1950s many Brens were rebarrelled to accept the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge and modified to feed from the magazine for the L1 (Commonwealth version of the FN FAL) rifle as the L4 light machine gun. 30, ZB vz. In general, the Bren was considered a reliable and effective light machine gun, though in North Africa it was reported to jam regularly unless kept very clean and free of sand or dirt. The L4 magazine was interchangeable with the L1A1 SLR magazine, so the L4 Bren also can be seen fitted with straight 20-round magazines from the SLR or with the straight 30-round magazine from the Australian L2A1 or Canadian C2A1 heavy-barrel SLR. Among the weapons that were submitted for the trials were the Madsen, Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR), the Neuhausen KE7 and the Vickers-Berthier. 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